In Romania, family has an essential role in assuring elderly people’s welfare, but work migration abroad disturbs this support relationship, by the disappearance of the spatial proximity between elderly and their adult children. Through this project we aim to investigate the situation of the elderly people left at home and the manner in which intergenerational solidarity operates in these situations, in relation to their support and care needs. Combining quantitative and qualitative methods, we investigate the manner in which the intergenerational solidarity is reconfigured and we aim to identify the strategies to which they resort in order to respond to particular needs of support and care, needs to which their children cannot respond directly. Besides the novelty of the investigated population, the project addresses the insufficiency of the social services that this vulnerable category can access in order to compensate for the distance from their direct descendants. By studying the needs of the community and of the local authorities, we desire to propound a set of measures that can be implemented in the communities which are strongly affected by emigration.