Romanian demographic context
As 16.4% of its population was aged 65 and over in 2013, Romania is amongst the countries in which the phenomenon of demographic ageing, defined as a growth of the older population’s percentage, is well installed (European Demographic Data Sheet 2014) and it is estimated that in the year 2050 the percentage of people aged 65 and over will be of 32.4%, above the average of the European Union (29.7%). Moreover, with respect to work-related migration in other countries, official records show that in 2012 there were 2,341,263 persons who had emigrated (The Statistical Yearbook 2013), amongst which 58% were aged between 25 and 45.
Even if the current demographic situation is more favourable to Romania than to the neighbouring countries because the numerous generations born after 1967 are at an active age, in the near future the size of the inactive (retired) persons will grow dramatically, thus placing a growing pressure on the pension and health insurance system. Because old age brings about a deterioration of the health condition, with a weakening of the capacity to independently undertake a series of physical activities and thus with an increase in the need for assistance, it is only natural that the older population and intergenerational relations draw the specialists’ attention.