Interethnic marriages: between an exercise of tolerance and a modern expression of indifference. 1895-2010
Scientific Report 2016

The last year of this project was devoted to largely analyze data and experience gathered during the previous years. The team focused on deepening and refining the analysis of the aspects related to mixed marriages that they have undertaken.
The research conducted during 2016 focused on following directions:
a) Analysis of mixed marriages in historical perspective.
-there have been put togheter all the information available so far on the regulation of mixed marriages, on public perception of this topic of a society very diverse and often changing, their significance in the evolution of the population of Transylvania during the mentioned period.
-there were made statistics, covering some limited areas and chronological intervals, to the extent permitted by sources and resources available.
-case studies were presented, based on the archival material studied.
It was analyzed the dynamics of mixed marriages according to various socio-economic variables, the relationship between intermarriage and religion, and the impact of the cultural differences between partners on couple`s longevity.
b) Research of mixed marriages in nowadays context. This activity, based on the interviews carried out in mixed families, combined the sociological and historical research.
-it was investigated the mechanism of a mixed marriage, the factors that facilitated these unions.
-there were analyzed some aspects related to language spoken in mixed families, the language chosen for education  and socialization of resulting children, the denomination chosen for them.
-there were studied the specific social and cultural challenges faced by a mixed couple, the methods to harmonize these issues, but also some cases where these matters caused vulnerabilities.

The dissemination of research results continued during 2016.
The most important scientific event attended by the project team was "European Social Science History Conference", the XIth edition, of Valencia, 30 March-2 April 2016 (ESSHC). Organised every two years by the International Institute of Social History in Amsterdam, this prestigious conference brings together the most valuable specialists of the moment, working in interdisciplinary area where history meets social sciences.
The project team has been involved in the organization of two panels:
· Ioan Bolovan - organizer of panel „Marriage and Divorce in Multicultural Environments in Comparative Perspective”, at „European Social Science History Conference”, Valencia, 30 March-2 April 2016.
· Ioan Bolovan, Marius Eppel - organizers, Lumini?a Dumănescu - discusant of panel  ”Marriage during War”, at „European Social Science History Conference”, Valencia, 30 March-2 April 2016.
Papers presented by team members at ESSHC:
· Ioan Bolovan, Marius Eppel, ”Ethnicity and Politics: Censuses in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Case Study: Transylvania (1869-1910)”, at „European Social Science History Conference”, Valencia, 30 March - 2 April 2016, (with Elena-Crinela Holom).
· Lumini?a Dumănescu, Daniela Mârza, Mihaela Hărăgu?, ”New Data on Infant Mortality in Transylvania in the 19th Century based on the HPDT”, at „European Social Science History Conference”, Valencia, 30 March - 2 April 2016.
Other conferences attended by team members:
· Marius Eppel, ”Căsătoria mixtă la etnicii slavi din România (1950-2010)”, at international conference Dialogul slavi?tilor la începutul secolului al XXI-lea, Universitatea Babe?-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, 26-28 May 2016.
· Luminita Dumanescu, Ioan Bolovan, ”Aspects of Transylvanian marriages in the second half of 19th century based on a historical population database from Transylvania”, at Biennial Meeting of the European Society of Historical Demography (ESHD), 21-24 September 2016, Leuven, Belgia (with Oana Sorescu-Iudean).

The most relevant result of the research undertaken in this project is a book published by prestigious publisher Peter Lang: Ioan Bolovan (ed.), "Mixed Marriages in Transylvania, 1895-2010", 320 p., Peter Lang, 2016. The volume is the result of a team effort, each member of it assuming some of the chapters. Its structure is based on all of the data and methodological expertize gathered so far: connecting the phenomenon of mixed marriages to its historical context, with political, legal, socio-economic and cultural determinants, its analysis based on interviews and "life stories" on the experience those directly involved.
Despite the rich material and results acquired, the team members are aware that this vast topic is far from exhausted. Besides firm conclusions made by now, there were emphasized new directions, open to possible future research.





Cluj Napoca, 26 septembrie 2016   
Project Director
Univ. Prof. Ioan Bolovan, PhD




 
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